The level and trends of child mortality in South Africa, 1996-2006

Timotheus B. Darikwa, Rob Dorrington


Abstract The lack of reliable data for child mortality estimation since 1998 has meant that child mortality rates for South Africa have not been updated for almost ten years. This study makes use of the Community Survey data of 2007 and adaptation of the correction to the children ever born/children surviving method suggested by Ward and Zaba (2009) to estimate current rates of infant and child mortality and establishes trends in childhood mortality between 1996 and 2006. The study found that infant mortality rates have been almost constant at around 50 deaths per 1000 live births while under-five mortality rates are found to have increased from just below 70 deaths per 1000 live births in 1996 to around 75 deaths per 1000 live births in 2006.

Keywords: Infant mortality; under-five mortality; HIV/AIDS prevalence; Brass Technique; Trussel variant; South Africa.

Resume L'absence de données fiables sur l’estimation de la mortalité infantile en Afrique du Sud n'ont pas été mise à jour depuis presque dix ans à partir de 1998. Notre étude a établit les estimations sur les taux de mortalité infantile ainsi que la mortalité des enfants de moins de cinq ans. Notre analyse a utilisé les données de l’Enquête communautaire de 2007, recensement de 2001 et les résultats sur les recherches antérieurs depuis 1996.Les résultats montrent que le taux de mortalité infantile sont restés presque con- stant, environ 50 décès pour 1000 naissances vivantes tandis que pour moins de cinq le taux de mortalité ont augmenté, passant de 70 décès pour 1000 naissances vivants en 1996 à 75 décès pour 1000 naissances vivants en 2006.

Mots clés: Mortalité infantile, Mortalité des moins de Cinq ans, Prevalence du VIH/SIDA, Technique de Brass, Variance de Trussel, Afrique du Sud


Infant mortality; under-five mortality; HIV/AIDS prevalence; Brass Technique; Trussel variant; South Africa

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