FERTILITY, ETHNICITY, AND EDUCATION IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
AbstractIn the mid-1950s, a massive survey in the present Democratic Republic of the Congo revealed sharp ethnic fertility differentials. With the vast majority of women never having been to school, women’s education was not, then, pertinent to fertility. Over the succeeding decades, women increasingly went to school, especially in Kinshasa. This led to lower fertility in the capital, particularly for women with secondary schooling. At the same time, fertility differences by ethnic group diminished in the city. This paper examines fertility differences by education and by ethnicity in the entire country, distinguishing Kinshasa, other urban places, and rural areas. We find that, over all, the increased importance for fertility of education and reduced importance of ethnicity witnessed in Kinshasa is also apparent for the entire country. Regarding the sources of ethnic differences in fertility, the findings support the social characteristics hypothesis in cosmopolitan Kinshasa and the cultural hypothesis elsewhere.
Copyright on articles is owned by the Journal. All articles published in APS can be re-used under the following CC license: CC BY-SA-4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/).
Droits d’auteur et conditions de licence
Le droit d’auteur sur les articles appartient au Journal. Tous les articles publiés dans l’EPA peuvent être réutilisés suivant les conditions de licence de CC license: CC BY-SA-4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/).