The connection between non-communicable disease risk factors and risk perception among urban slum dwellers in Nairobi, Kenya

Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Frederick Murunga Wekesah, Samuel Oti, Thaddaeus Egondi, Catherine Kyobutungi


Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are emerging as a public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa.  This paper examines the relationship between the risk of NCDs and perceptions about such risk among urban slum population in Nairobi, Kenya. The analysis is based on data collected between 2008 and 2009 as part of a cross-sectional survey that was designed to assess linkages between socioeconomic status, perceived personal risk, and risk factors for cardiovascular and non-communicable diseases in urban slums of Nairobi. A total 5,190 study participants were included in the analysis. Low risk perception about NCDs in spite of the presence of NCD risk factors suggests the need for programmes aimed at creating awareness about the diseases and promoting the adoption of preventive healthy lifestyles among the urban poor populations of Nairobi


Non-communicable disease, risk factors, risk perception

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ISSN 2308-7854 (online); ISSN 0850-5780 (print)

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