Association between mothers experience of intimate partner violence and under-five morbidity in Nigeria

  • Joy A. Osifo University College Hospital, Ibadan
  • Olufunmilayo I. Fawole University of Ibadan
  • Adebola A. Adejimi Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
  • Oluwakemi A. Sigbeku University College Hospital, Ibadan
Keywords: IPV, Under-five, morbidity, Association, NDHS


The aim of this study was to explore association between Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and illness in childhood. The study was a secondary data analysis of the 2008 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey (NDHS), involving use of a stratified, 2-stage cluster sampling technique to select 21,160 women with at least one child ≤ 5 years old. Main exposure was experience of past-year IPV prior to survey. Outcome measured were risk of fever, acute respiratory infection (ARI) and diarrhoea within the past 2 weeks. The mean ages of women and children were 29±6.8 years and 27±17.1 months respectively. Prevalence of past-year IPV was 72.6%. Main predictors of under-five morbidity were sexual and physical IPV experience of mothers (AOR: 1.632; CI: 1.419-1.879) and (AOR: 1.17; CI: 1.02-1.36) respectively. Interventions aimed at improving child morbidity status should target protection of mothers from physical and sexual violence perpetration by partners.


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Author Biographies

Joy A. Osifo, University College Hospital, Ibadan
Department of Community Medicine15
Olufunmilayo I. Fawole, University of Ibadan
Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health
Adebola A. Adejimi, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
Department of Community Medicine
Oluwakemi A. Sigbeku, University College Hospital, Ibadan
Department of Community Medicine