Keeping or catching up? Population dynamics and education in Africa

Grace Chisamya, Adrian Gauci


Africa will account for 80 percent of the 4 billion increase in world population by 2100. A demographic transition with an increase in its working age population provides a window of opportunity which if reaped will lead to a “demographic dividend” for accelerated growth. In Africa, declining mortality yet combined with high fertility rates constitute unusual population dynamics of developing countries. The dividend is underpinned by adequate skill profiles. Using secondary data sources on education, population trends and fiscal allocation this paper shows that keeping up with increased student intake has somewhat compromised quality of education and adequate skills.  In particular the fiscal allocation to education seems not to be aligned to increased student intake further contributing to the challenge of educational quality. The results show that population change contribute only 6 percent change in educational unit allocation thus compromising the possible dividend.  


Population dynamics; Education quality; Fiscal allocation

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)

ISSN 2308-7854 (online); ISSN 0850-5780 (print)

Powered by OJS and hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2013.


This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.

SUNJournals Help