Factors associated with HIV testing and receiving results during antenatal care in Tanzania

  • Innocent Semali Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
  • Damian Jeremia Damian Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College
  • Happiness Pius Saronga National Bureau of Statistics
  • Deogratius Malamsha National Bureau of Statistics
Keywords: HIV, MTCT, PMTCT, ANC, Tanzania


Mother to child transmission of HIV (MTCT) control goal is achievable when all pregnant mothers test for HIV and collect the results enabling timely eligibility and access to anti-retroviral therapy (ART). This study aimed to determine factors associated with uptake of HIV testing during antenatal care in Tanzania. Using 2011-2012 Tanzania HIV and Malaria Indicator Survey data, 3555 women who attended antenatal clinic and delivered in the last two years were analyzed. One was considered HIV tested if she took HIV test and collected results. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was done using STATA version 12. High proportion (76%) tested for HIV during antenatal care, factors significantly associated (p<0.05) with testing included receiving information on HIV testing during antenatal care, age, education and wealth. Proportion taking HIV test was high, prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) strategies should focus on increasing information on testing during antenatal care (ANC), targeting the young, less educated and poor.

Author Biographies

Happiness Pius Saronga, National Bureau of Statistics
National Bureau of Statistics
Deogratius Malamsha, National Bureau of Statistics
National Bureau of Statistics