Trend and determinants of contraceptive use among women of reproductive age in Ghana

  • Justice Nonvignon University of Ghana
  • Jacob Novignon University of Ibadan
Keywords: Contraceptives, Trend Analysis, Logistic, Ghana


The study examined the trend in contraceptive use among sexually active women of reproductive age in Ghana. The study also investigated the socioeconomic determinants of contraceptive use. Cross tabulations and logistic regression analyses were performed on data from the Ghana Demographic and Health Surveys 1988 - 2008. The results indicate low contraceptive use among women with marked variation in contraceptive use across various socioeconomic groups and administrative regions. Evidence from the logistic regressions suggests that improving education and reducing poverty are critical in improving contraceptive use and reducing unmet need for family planning. Child survival, access to family planning services and knowledge of contraceptive methods were also found to be significant determinants of contraceptive use. The importance of improving financial and infrastructural access to contraceptives was confirmed by the findings of the study. 

Author Biographies

Justice Nonvignon, University of Ghana
Department of Health Policy, Planning and Management, School of Public Health,
Jacob Novignon, University of Ibadan
Department of Economics