Family type, ethnicity and under-five mortality in Nigeria

Babatunde M. Gbadebo, Samson O. Bamiwuye, Luqman A. Bisiriyu


Background: High rate of under-five mortality (UFM) in Nigeria is an impediment to national development. This study examined the influence of family type and ethnicity on UFM.

Data Source and Methods: The study was cross-sectional and employed the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey dataset. The survey utilised a stratified three-stage cluster sampling procedures in interviewing 31,828 women of childbearing age. Data were analysed using Chi-square test, Brass and Cox-proportional hazard models.

Results: UFM rates were 92, 119 and 196 deaths per 1000 live births among Yoruba, Igbo/Ibo and Hausa/Fulani respectively. On overall, single-parent who were Hausa/Fulani women reported the highest deaths (265/'000) and the polygamous Igbo women reported the lowest (2/'000). UFM is lowest among the Igbo/Ibo while single parenting impact on UFM more among Hausa/Fulani than other ethnic groups.

Conclussion: Family type and ethnicity were associated with UFM. Measures to reduce UFM should target single-parenting and the Hausa/Fulanis


Ethnic groups, Family Type, Mortality, Nigeria

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ISSN 2308-7854 (online); ISSN 0850-5780 (print)

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