Internal migration and unmet need for family planning in Cotonou, Benin Republic

  • Bolade Hamed Banougnin University of Ibadan
  • Adeyemi O. Adekunle University of Ibadan
  • Adesina Oladokun University of Ibadan
  • Mouftaou Amadou Sanni Université de Parakou, Parakou
Keywords: Migration, unmet need, family planning, Cotonou, Benin Republic


Context/Background: Evidence shows that addressing the unmet need for FP of vulnerable groups such as rural-to-urban migrants is another alternative to lowering fertility in developing countries. This study examines how migration affects unmet need in Cotonou.Data Source and Methods: We employed multinomial logistic regression using 2012 Benin Republic Demographic and Health Survey data concerning 827 married women aged 15-49 years and residing in Cotonou.Findings: Findings show that recent migrants were less likely to have an unmet need than non-migrants. Then, earlier migrants and non-migrants had similar odds of unmet need. After adjusting for socioeconomic variables, the risks of unmet need for spacing and limiting among recent migrants decreased and increased, respectively, by 7%. Earlier migrants became significantly less likely to have an unmet need for spacing births than non-migrants.Conclusion: The odds of unmet need are lower among migrants than non-migrants, but complementary research on migrants’ fertility in Cotonou is necessary before any conclusion.

Author Biographies

Bolade Hamed Banougnin, University of Ibadan
Pan African University, Life and Earth Science Institute
Adeyemi O. Adekunle, University of Ibadan
University College Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Adesina Oladokun, University of Ibadan
University College Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Mouftaou Amadou Sanni, Université de Parakou, Parakou
Ecole Nationale de la Statistique, de la Planification et de la Démographie