Internal migration and unmet need for family planning in Cotonou, Benin Republic

Bolade Hamed Banougnin, Adeyemi O. Adekunle, Adesina Oladokun, Mouftaou Amadou Sanni


Context/Background: Evidence shows that addressing the unmet need for FP of vulnerable groups such as rural-to-urban migrants is another alternative to lowering fertility in developing countries. This study examines how migration affects unmet need in Cotonou.

Data Source and Methods: We employed multinomial logistic regression using 2012 Benin Republic Demographic and Health Survey data concerning 827 married women aged 15-49 years and residing in Cotonou.

Findings: Findings show that recent migrants were less likely to have an unmet need than non-migrants. Then, earlier migrants and non-migrants had similar odds of unmet need. After adjusting for socioeconomic variables, the risks of unmet need for spacing and limiting among recent migrants decreased and increased, respectively, by 7%. Earlier migrants became significantly less likely to have an unmet need for spacing births than non-migrants.

Conclusion: The odds of unmet need are lower among migrants than non-migrants, but complementary research on migrants’ fertility in Cotonou is necessary before any conclusion.


Migration; unmet need; family planning; Cotonou; Benin Republic

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ISSN 2308-7854 (online); ISSN 0850-5780 (print)

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