Perception of demographic and cultural factors associated with the crime of human trafficking in Nigeria

Bonaventure N. Nwokeoma


Context/background:The demographic and cultural factors that drive the crime of human trafficking have not been properly researched in Nigeria. This study therefore examines the perception of the association between population characteristics, fertility norms and human trafficking.

Methods:This study used 600 respondents from Imo State. Data was collected through questionnaire and in-depth interviews from two local governments that are active sites for human trafficking. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and regression analysis were used to analyse the data.

Results:The findings showed a preponderance of females as victims and traffickers than males, with a significant relationship of P<0.001 between the sex of traffickers and human trafficking. The age group that are mostly trafficked are 16-25 years for women and 5-14 years for male and female children. Large family size driven by a traditional fertility rite (ewu- ukwu) for women with 10+ children was found to be strongly associated with human trafficking.

Conclusion:The study recommends aggressive birth control program that targets traditional fertility norms and programs that offer livelihood options and increased well being for women.


Demographic; Cultural; Factors; Perception; Human trafficking

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ISSN 2308-7854 (online); ISSN 0850-5780 (print)

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