Examining underlying determinants of fertility rates in Zambia: Evidence from the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey

Mumbi Chola, Charles Michelo

Abstract


Abstract

Limited data exits on factors influencing fertility in Zambia. This study examined underlying determinants of fertility patterns and levels in Zambia. Data extracted from the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey was analysed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression. Of 7146 women aged 15-49 years, age group 25-29 years experienced the highest prevalence of births (28.5%). Married women accounted for 27% of all births. Women with low education recorded more births (27%) than those with higher education (9.5%) (P<0.001). Fertility was higher among the poorest (28%) compared to the richest (12%) (P<0.001). Though not statistically significant, urban areas recorded more births (25%) than rural areas (15%). Education and wealth significantly influence fertility Zambia. Fertility management strategies should consider these factors and their fertility reducing effects. Improving education and wealth status of women can contribute to fertility reduction, particularly rural women. Lower fertility, with reduced mortality and migration, would provide less pressure on distribution of the limited economic resources of the country.

 

Key Words: Underlying determinants, Fertility, Education, Wealth, Zambia

 

Résumé

Des données limitées sort sur les facteurs influençant la fécondité en Zambie. Cette étude examine les déterminants sous-jacents de taux de fécondité et les niveaux en Zambie. Les données extraites de l'Enquête Démographique et de Santé de la Zambie de 2007 (NDHS) ont été analysées en utilisant bivariées et régression logistique multivariée. Sur 7146 femmes âgées de 15-49 ans; groupe d'âge 25-29 ans a connu la plus forte prévalence des naissances (28,5%). Les femmes mariées représentaient 27% de toutes les naissances. Les femmes peu scolarisées ont enregistré plus de naissances (27%) que ceux de l'enseignement supérieur (9,5%) (P <0,001). En outre, la fécondité était plus élevée chez les plus pauvres (28%) par rapport aux plus riches (12%) (P <0,001). Bien que non statistiquement significative, les zones urbaines ont enregistré plus de naissances (25%) que dans les zones rurales (15%). Évidemment, l'éducation et la richesse influent considérablement sur la fertilité Zambie. Les stratégies de gestion de la fertilit


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11564/30-2-829

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