School enrollment in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: family economic well-being, gender and place of residence

Crispin Mabika Mabika, David Shapiro

Abstract


Abstract This paper examines school enrollment of youth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), to identify the roles of family economic well-being, gender, and place of residence in the school enrollment of children. The DRC experienced extremely adverse economic and political conditions during the 1990s. We use data from a 1999 survey that covered four provinces in the western portion of the country. Following an overview of the country’s economic situation, the paper examines descriptive data on school enrollments of more than 9,000 youth aged 6-24. We then report results of multivariate analyses of school enrollment of more than 6,000 youth aged 6-14, controlling for family economic well-being, gender, and place of residence as well as a number of other factors. All three of the key variables are relevant to being in school, but in each case the impacts are dependent on the other two variables.

Résumé Cet article examine l’inscription scolaire des jeunes en République démocratique du Congo (RDC), afin d’identifier l’importance de l’influence du bien-être économique de la famille, du genre, et du lieu de résidence sur la scolarisation des jeunes. La RDC a subi des conditions économiques et politiques extrêmement sévères pendant les années 1990. Les données proviennent d’une enquête qui a eu lieu en 1999, et qui a couvert quatre provinces dans la partie occidentale du pays. Nous commençons avec un aperçu de la situation économique du pays, suivi par un examen des données descriptives concernant les inscriptions scolaires de plus de 9.000 jeunes âgées de 6 à 24 ans. Ensuite nous abordons les résultats des analyses multivariées de l’inscription scolaire de plus de 6.000 jeunes âgés de 6 à 14 ans, en tenant compte du bien-être économique de la famille, du genre, et du lieu de résidence ainsi que quelques autres facteurs associés. Toutes les trois variables clés sont pertinentes à la scolarisation, mais dans chaque cas l’impact dépend du contrôle des deux autres variables. Keywords: School enrollment , Democratic Republic of the Congo, economic well-being, gender, place of residence


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11564/26-2-213

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