The determinants of youth labor market integration in Cameroon: is family Socioeconomic-background more effective than education?

Samuel Nouetagni, Mathias Kuepie

Abstract


Background: The purpose of this study is to measure the impact of socioeconomic background and human capital on young people’s labor market integration.

A review of the literature suggests that in addition to human capital, other factors not directly related to individual productivity play an important role in labor market integration.

Data Source & Method: The empirical work is based on the analysis of a firsthand biographical database from Bafia, a Cameroonian city.

Results: Results show that young people from privileged background are more likely to swiftly enter the wage sector than their peers from disadvantaged background.

Conclusion: This result is not only due to the fact that former received more education than the latter but also because of the existence of a sort of privileged birth-related premium not induced by the formal education level.


Keywords


youth; social inequality, education effectiveness; Labor market; family background

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11564/33-1-1357

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